Hydro Power (SHP) has been identified as
one of the appropriate and environment friendly,
renewable energy sources which can provide
convenient and uninterrupted energy to remote
rural villages, which are yet to be electrified.
The development of SHP in remote and hilly
areas will obviously result in comprehensive
socio-economic development of such areas.
Providing power supply through RE systems
has a much larger socio-economic impact,
in that it would facilitate improved income
generation in the rural setting. Providing
power supply to villages would enable small
and village level industries to be established,
communication facilities improved etc.,
there by reducing migration to urban centres,
which are already under tremendous strain
due to inadequate conditions.
Hydroelectric power plants
convert the energy from flowing water in
rivers and streams into electricity. Micro-hydro
plants producing less than 100 kilowatts
(0.1 megawatts) have very low impact on
environment. Therefore, micro-hydropower
is recognized as a renewable source of energy,
which is economic, non polluting and environmentally
sustainable and ideal for rural electrification.
Currently 2 billion people have no access
to modern commercial energy. Rural electrification
is recognized as a necessary condition for
alleviating poverty, satisfying basic human
needs, stimulating productive employment
and income generation.
Upon request, UNIDO assists developing countries
at every stage of micro-hydro power development,